DJIA Closing Prices, October 29, 1929
Top Files:
  • S&P 500 (with GFD extension)—goes back to 1791, extending the S&P composite from the 1871 start date for Cowles Commission
  • FTSE All-Share Index (with GFD Extension)-goes back to 1693, using Bank of England, East India Company and South Sea Stock before 1811, various indices thereafter.
  • 10-year Bond for the US—the Fed 10-year bond data go back to 1962, we have extended it back to 1790
  • UK British Consol series goes back to 1729
  • West Texas Intermediate Oil Price goes back to 1860
  • Gold Price goes back to 1257 and UK consumer price index now goes back to 1209
  • British Pound/US Dollar Exchange rate is daily back to 1861 and monthly back to 1660
  • PE Ratio and Dividend Yield for US Stocks goes back to 1871

Who Uses GFD

Books Computer Library
“Now more than ever, understanding the world in historical context is critical. GFD's unparalleled database of long-term time series is an invaluable research tool.”

—Mike Reynnells, Kingdon Capital

“The breadth, depth, and reliability of the data are unsurpassed. The Database made my job a lot easier in efficiently retrieving, analyzing, and displaying the critical data that I needed for my research.”

—Maureen Burton, Ph.D.,
Chair, Faculty Rights Committee for CFA,
Professor, Dept. of Economics


“GFD stands as one of our most popular and powerful subscription data services, offering convenient campus-wide web accessibility, impressive series depth and scope, and easy online navigation, retrieval, and charting.”

—Harold Colson UC San Diego Libraries

“As an award-winning financial author, finding a reliable source of financial data for historical studies was difficult until I started using Global Financial Data. My latest book, Investment Atlas, (which covers 200-years of prices on stocks, bonds, commodities and real estate) would have been much harder to write without GFD's assistance.”

—Kenneth G. Winans, CMT, MBA,
President, Winans International


“My careers in banking and financial media have kept me immersed in financial and economic data for nearly 15 years, and GFD’s product is among the best offered by the major market data providers.”

—Mark Bentley
Sr. Researcher/Analyst
Fox News Channel & Fox Business Network
Over the years thousands of analysts, researchers, and scholars from all types of businesses and universities have used GFD to analyze the markets and to complete their research. Renowned books and articles have been written using GFD because we are the only company that provides complete data series on the global financial markets. Indeed, many vendors offer similar data series for current years; however these do not extend to the inception of the series. Unique patterns and trends may be observed from examining the entire set of data only provided by GFD.

“You may review the works of other analysts by choosing the category of Articles or Books.”

Articles Using Data
From Global Financial Data

  1. Abada, P., H. Chuliáb, et al. (2010). The Euro: Integration and Rick Diversification Opportunities in EU-15 Sovereiogn Debt Market
  2. Abhyankar, A. a. G.-A., Pedro Angel, What Do Dividend Paying Firms Tell Us about the Return Decomposition? (November 6, 2012). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2171958 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2171958 (2012).
  3. Acker, D. and N. W. Duck (2012). "Inflation Illusion and the US Dividend Yield: Some Further Evidence." Journal of International Money and Finance.
  4. Agnese, P. and H. Sala (2008). "Unemployment in Japan: A look at the lost decade." Asia Pacific Journal of Economics and Business 12(1): 16.
  5. Ahern, K. R. and A. K. Dittmar (2012). "The changing of the boards: The impact on firm valuation of mandated female board representation." The Quarterly Journal of Economics 127(1): 137-197.
  6. Ahmed, P., K. Beck, et al. (2000). "Can moving average technical trading strategies help in volatile and declining markets? A study of some emerging Asian markets." Managerial Finance 26(6): 49-62.
  7. Ahmed, S. and M. Cardinale (2005). "Does inflation matter for equity returns?" Journal of Asset Management 6(4): 259-273.
  8. Aiolfi, M., What Moves Money Managers' Portfolios? An Investigation of Preferences and Beliefs (August 2006). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=918261.
  9. Ajayia, R., S. Mehdianb, et al. (2010). "The relative influence of the East and the West on Middle Eastern emerging stock markets: an empirical investigation." Applied Financial Economics 1(1): 1-9.
  10. Aktieninstitut, D. (2004). "Aktie versus Rente." Studien des Deutschen Aktieninstituts 26.
  11. Alam, M. and T. Hasan (2003). "The Causality between Stock market Development and Economic Growth: Evidence from the United States." Studies in Economics and Finance 21(1): 93-104.
  12. Alba, J., D. Park, et al. (2009). "Corporate governance and merger and acquisition (M&A) FDI: Firm-level evidence from Japanese FDI into the US." Journal of Multinational Financial Management 19(1): 1-11.
  13. Alba, J., D. Park, et al. (2010). "Corporate Governance and Foreign Direct Investment." ADB Working Papers Series 202(5).
  14. Alba, J., P. Wang, et al. (2007). "Relative access to credit, relative wealth and FDI: firm-level evidence from Japanese FDI into the United States." Journal of Economic Integration 22(2): 231-255.
  15. Alba, J. D., D. Park, et al. (2010). Determinants of Different Modes of Japanese Foreign Direct Investment in the United States, Asian Development Bank.
  16. Albarran, A. (2004). "Media economics." The Sage Handbook of Media Studies: 291-308.
  17. Alexopoulou, I., F. Drudi, et al. (2006). "CGFS Working Group on Institutional Investors, Global Savings and Asset Allocation."
  18. Al-Ississ, M. (2009). The Cross-Border Financial Impact of Violence. Boston, MA, Dubai Initiative.
  19. Al-Ississ, M. (2010). "The Impact of Religious Experience on Financial Markets.".
  20. Allen, D. E. E., Lim, Lee and Winduss, Trent, The Present Value of Pacific Basin Stock Markets: A Domestic and External Factor Model (March 2004). Edith Cowan U. Accounting Finance and Economics Working Paper No. 2004.1. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=524583 .
  21. Almirall, C., Auffhammer, Maximilian and Berck, Peter, Farm Acreage Shocks and Food Prices: An SVAR Approach to Understanding the Impacts of Biofuels (May 12, 2010). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1605507 .
  22. Almunia, M., A. Bénétrix, et al. (2010). "From great depression to great credit crisis: similarities, differences and lessons." Economic Policy 25(62): 219-265.
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  24. Alvarez, F. and U. Jermann (2005). "Using asset prices to measure the persistence of the marginal utility of wealth." Econometrica 73(6): 1977-2016.
  25. An, J. (2010). "Can the Long-Run Risks Explain the International Value Premium? Evidence Using Last Century Data."
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  28. Ananchotikul, S. and B. Eichengreen (2009). "Journal of The Japanese and International Economies." J. Japanese Int. Economies 23: 149-176.
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  51. Ariss, R. T., R. Rezvanian, et al. (2011). "Calendar anomalies in the Gulf Cooperation Council stock markets." Emerging Markets Review 12(3): 293-307.
  52. Arnott, R. (2010). "Real Return Investing: Lessons from the Past, Thoughts about the Future."
  53. Arnott, R. D. a. C., Denis B., Demographic Changes, Financial Markets, and the Economy (June 24, 2011). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1810985 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1810985 (2011).
  54. Arslanalp, S. and P. Henry (2005). "Is Debt Relief Efficient?" The Journal of Finance 60(2): 1017-1051.
  55. Arslanalp, S. a. H., Peter Blair, Debt Relief: What Do the Markets Think? (December 2002). NBER Working Paper No. W9369. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=359880  NBER working paper.
  56. Arteta, C. and G. Hale (2005). "Are Private Borrowers Hurt by Sovereign Debt Rescheduling?" Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco and the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, mimeo.
  57. Asness, C., R. Israelov, et al. (2009). "International Diversification Works (in the Long Run)."
  58. Athey, S. and M. C. Meidan (2010). "Exchange Rate Fluctuations, Consumer Demand, and Advertising: The Case of Internet Search."
  59. Atkinson, J. and D. Mersereau (2009). "Changing Times: IRS Updates Automatic Method Change Program." Tax Executive 61: 41.
  60. Aubert, S. and P. Giot (2007). "An international test of the Fed model." Journal of Asset Management 8(2): 86-100.
  61. Aviat, A. and N. Coeurdacier (2007). "The geography of trade in goods and asset holdings." Journal of International Economics 71(1): 22-51.
  62. Avsar, V. (2010). "The Anatomy of Trade Deflection." Florida International University, Department of Economics Working Papers.
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  65. Aysun, U. (2006). "Testing for Balance Sheet Effects in Emerging Market Countries." Economics Working Papers: 200628.
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  68. Bae, K. and W. Bailey (2003). "The Latin Monetary Union: Anatomy of a Failed Common Currency."
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Books Using Data
From Global Financial Data

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  2. Alexander, G. J. (2003). Fundamentos de inversiones: Teoria y practica. Mexico City: Pierson Educacion.
  3. Alexander, M. (2000). Stock Cycles: Why Stocks Won't Beat Money Markets Over the Next Twenty Years. Los Angeles: IUniverse.
  4. Alexander, M. A. (2002). The Kondratiev Cycle: A Generational Interpretation. Los Angeles: IUniverse.
  5. Alexander, M. A. (2005). Investing in a Secular Bear Market. New York: IUniverse.
  6. Allen, D. E. a. F. G. (2004). Assessing Exchange Rate Hypotheses Within Southern Africa. Los Angeles: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  7. Altucher, J. SuperCa$h: The New Hedge Fund Capitalism. John Weiley and Sons.
  8. Arbeláez, H. a. R. W. C. (2005). Latin American Financial MarketsDevelopments in Financial Innovations. St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Publishers.
  9. Arnold, R. A. (1997). Economics. Los Angeles: Thomson South Western.
  10. Arnone, W. J., Martin Nissenbaum. (2001). Ernst & Young's Retirement Planning Guide. New Jersey: John Weiley and Sons.
  11. Arnone, W. J., Martin Nissenbaum and Freida Kavouras. (2001). Ernst & Young's Retirement Planning Guide. New Jersey: John Weiley and Sons.
  12. Bardhan, P. K., Samuel Bowles and Michael Wallerstein. (2006). Globalization and Egalitarian Redistribution. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  13. Bateman, H. (2007). Retirement Provision in Scary Markets. New York: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  14. Batten, J. a. C. K. (2006). Emerging European Financial Markets: Independence and Integration Post-Enlargement. New York: Elsevier Publishers.
  15. Bernstein, W. J. (2001). The Intelligent Asset Allocator: How to Build Your Portfolio to Maximize Returns and Minimize Risks. New York: McGraw Hill Publishers.
  16. Bhar, R. a. S. H. (2005). Empirical Techniques in Finance. New York: Springer Publishers.
  17. Biafore, B. (2004). Online Investing Hacks. O'Reiley Publishing.
  18. Blackledge, J. M., Allan K. Evans and M. J. Turner. (2002). Fractal Geometry: Mathematical Methods, Algorithms, Applications. New York: Horwood Publishing.
  19. Bootle, R. (2004). Money for Nothing: Real Wealth, Financial Fantasies, and the Economy of the Future. Los Angeles: Nicolas Brealey Publishing.
  20. Bordo, M. D., Alan M. Taylor and Jeffrey G. Williamson. (2003). Globalization in Historical Perspective. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  21. Bulmer-Thomas, V., John H Coatsworth and Roberto Cortés Conde. (2006). The Cambridge Economic History of Latin America, Volume 2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  22. Burton, M. a. R. L. (2005). The Financial System and the Economy: Principles of Money and Banking (South-Western College Pub, Ed.) (4th). Los Angeles: South-Western College Pub.
  23. Burton, M., Reynold F. Nesiba. (2004). An Introduction to Financial Markets and Institutions. Los Angeles: South-Western College Pub.
  24. Buti, M. (2003). Monetary and Fiscal Policies in EMU: Interactions and Coordination. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  25. Clarida, R. H. (2007). G7 Current Account Imbalances: Sustainability and Adjustment. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  26. Colby, R. W. (2002). The Encyclopedia of Technical Market Indicators. McGraw Hill Publishers.
  27. de Grauwe, P. (2005). Exchange Rate Economics: Where Do We Stand? MA: MIT Publishers.
  28. Dent, H. S. (2005). The Next Great Bubble Boom: How to Profit from the Greatest Boom in History. Washington DC: Simon and Schuster.
  29. Diamond, M. A., Earl K. Stice and James D. Stice. (2000). Financial Accounting: Reporting and Analysis. South Western Publishers.
  30. Dimson, E., Paul Marsh and Mike Staunton. (2002). Triumph of the Optimists: 101 Years of Global Investment Returns. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  31. Eccles, R. G. (2001). The ValueReporting Revolution: Moving Beyond the Earnings Game. New Jersey: John Weiley and Sons.
  32. Ellison, M. S. a. E. E. (2004). Dear Mom, Dad & Ethel: World War II Through the Eyes of a Radio Man. New York: IUniverse.
  33. Evans, L. L. (2003). Why the Bubble Burst: Us Stock Market Performance Since 1982. New York: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  34. Farleigh, R. (2005). Taming the Lion: 100 Secret Strategies for Investing. Melbourne: Harriman House, Ltd.
  35. Ferguson, N. (2001). The Cash Nexus: Money and Power in the Modern World, 1700-2000. Ann Arbor: Basic Books Publishers.
  36. Fondo Monetario Internacional. (2003). Perspectivas de la Economía Mundial, septiembre de 2003. Washington DC: International Monitary Fund.
  37. Fonds monétaire international. (2003). La dette publique des marchés émergents Etudes économiques et financières. Washington DC: International Monitary Fund.
  38. Frew, B. (2000). Personal Finance for Overseas Americans. Los Angeles: Gil Incorporated.
  39. Gregoriou, G. N. (2006). Funds of Hedge Funds: Performance, Assessment, Diversification, and Statistical Properties. Los Angeles: Butterworth-Heinmann.
  40. Gup, B. E. (2005). Capital Markets, Globalization, and Economic Development. Denver: Springer Publishers.
  41. Hebeler, H. K. (2002). J.K. Lasser's Your Winning Retirement Plan. New York: John Weiley and Sons.
  42. Hirsch, J. A. a. Y. H. (2004). Stock Trader's Almanac 2005. New York: John Weiley and Sons.
  43. Holton, L. (1999). How to be a value investor. New York: McGraw Hill Publishers.
  44. Hunter, W. C., George G. Kaufman. (2004). Asset Price Bubbles: The Implications for Monetary, Regulatory, and International Policies. MA: MIT Publishers.
  45. Huxley, S. J. a. J. B. B. (2002). Stephen Eckett on Online Investing: 200 Essential Q&a's for the Internet. Hampshire, : Harriman House, Ltd.
  46. Huxley, S. J. a. J. B. B. (2004). Asset Dedidication: How to Grow Wealthy with the Next Generation of Asset Allocation. New York: McGraw Hill Publishers.
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  51. Kausch, M. (2005). Rohstoffe der Zukunft- neue Basisstoffe und neue Energien: Eine Universität. Munich: Frank and Timme GmbH.
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  58. Liebscher, K. (2006). Financial Development, Integration And Stability. New York: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  59. Lomborg, B. (2001). The Skeptical Environmentalist: Measuring the Real State of the World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  60. Mahar, M. (2004). Bull!: A History of the Boom and Bust, 1982-2004. Washington DC: HarperCollins.
  61. Martin, M. (2004). Globalization, Macroeconomic Stabilization, and the Construction of Social Reality. Berlin: LIT Verlag Berlin.
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  63. McGillivray, F. (2004). Privileging Industry: The Comparative Politics of Trade and Industrial Policy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  64. Mehra, R. (2007). Handbook of the Equity Risk Premium. New York: Elsevier Publishers.
  65. Mills, D. Q. (2003). Wheel, Deal, and Steal: Deceptive Accounting, Deceitful CEOs, and Ineffective Reforms. New York: FT Publishers.
  66. Moore, S., Julian Lincoln Simon. (2000). It's Getting Better All the Time: 100 Greatest Trends of the Last 100 Years. Cato Institute.
  67. Murphy, J. J. (2004). Intermarket Analysis: Profiting from Global Market Relationships. New York: John Weiley and Sons.
  68. Nairn, A. (2002). Engines That Move Markets: Technology Investing from Railroads to the INternet. New Jersey: John Weiley and Sons.
  69. Obstfeld, M. (2005). Global Capital Markets: Integration, Crisis, and Growth. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  70. Paolera, G. D. a. A. M. T. (2002). A New Economic History of . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  71. Plummer, T. (2003). Forecasting Financial Markets: The Psychology of Successful Investing. Los Angeles: Kogan Page.
  72. Prakken, B. (2000). Information, Organization and Information Systems Design. New York: Springer Publishers.
  73. Ragsdell, G. a. J. W. (2001). Understanding Complexity. New York: Springer Publishers.
  74. Robertson, I. (2005). Understanding International Art Markets And Management. New York: Routledge.
  75. Rougelot Prechter, R. (2001). View from the Top of the Grand Supercycle. New York: Elliot Wave International Inc.
  76. Rougelot Prechter, R. (2002). Conquer the Crash: You Can Survive and Prosper in a Deflationary Depression. New York: Elliot Wave International Inc.
  77. Ruddell, R. (2004). America Behind Bars: Trends in Imprisonment, 1950 to 2000. New York: LFB Scholarly Publishing.
  78. Rugimbana, R., Sonny Nwankwo. (2003). Cross-Cultural Marketing. Denver: Thomson Learning EMEA.
  79. Schiller, B. R. (1999). The Micro Economy Today. Denver: McGraw Hill Publishers.
  80. Schreiber, D. a. G. E. S. (2004). All About Dividend Investing. New York: McGraw Hill.
  81. Schwarz, P. J. (2001). Migrants Against Slavery: Virginians and the Nation. Virginia: University of Virginia Press.
  82. Seifert, W. G. (2002). Performance ist kein Schicksal. Berlin: Campus Verlag.
  83. Singal, V. (2006). Beyond the Random Walk: A Guide to Stock Market Anomalies and Low-Risk Investing. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  84. Sloman, J. (2005). The Economic Environment of Business. New York: Financial Times Prentice Hall.
  85. Sornette, D. (2003). Why Stock Markets Crash: Critical Events in Complex Financial Systems. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  86. Steil, B., David G. Victor. (2002). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  87. Steil, B., David G. Victor and Richard R. Nelson. (2002). Technological Innovation and Economic Performance. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
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  89. Stroup, R. L., James D. Gwartney. (2002). Microeconomics: Public and Private Choice. Los Angeles: Thomson South Western.
  90. Stroup, R. L., James D. Gwartney. (2005). Economics: Private and Public Choice. Los Angeles: Thomson South Western.
  91. Sutherland, S. a. P. S. (2001). . New York: McGraw Hill Publishers.
  92. Swedroe, L. E. (2003). The Successful Investor Today: 14 Simple Truths You Must Know When You Invest. New York: MacMillian.
  93. Tanner, M. (2004). Social Security and Its Discontents: Perspectives on Choice. Cato Institute.
  94. Tremblay, V. J. a. C. H. T. (2007). Industry and Firm Studies. New York: ME Sharpe.
  95. United States, C., Joint Economic Committee (2000). (2000). Achieving Growth and Prosperity Through Freedom: A Compilation of 1999-2000 [106th Congress, 2d session. Joint committee print.] (p. 477). Washington DC: US Congress.
  96. Verdier, D. (2002). Moving Money: Banking and Finance in the Industrialized World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  97. Weber, H. a. K. Z. (2003). The Complete Guide to Point-And-Figure Charting: The New Science of an Old Art. Melbourne: Harriman House, Ltd.
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